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Botswana

Botswana is an encased country in southern Africa surrounded by South Africa, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The country gained its independence on the 30th September 1966 and is since Democratic. Its capital is Gaborone in the south east of the country. Botswana’s economy is blooming through the mining of diamonds, beef farming and the tourism. The country is 70% mainly…

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is landlocked in Southern Africa between South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The country is named after the biggest ruins in Southern Africa (the Great Zimbabwean Ruins). Zimbabwe’s president since 1987 is Robert Mugabe and from 2008 he has been ruling the country hand in hand with Morgan Tsvangirai. The biggest population group is the Shona with 70%. Today…

Mozambique

Mozambique is South Africa’s neighbour and is very popular for its beaches and island holiday resorts. Mozambique has a very long sandy coastline which makes it unique for snorkeling and diving regions. In 2001 the Transfrontier Park opened its border to the Kruger National Park. If experiencing both Bush and Beach is your ideal holiday, then this is the country…

Namibia

Namibia stretches along the west coast of Southern Africa and is 825, 000 sq km with 1,83 million people. It is one of the least populated countries of the world. It got its name from the desert strip along the west coast which is called the Namib Desert. The official language is English, but the locals speak Bantu or Khoisan,…

Lesotho

Lesotho is 30350 square km encased by South Africa. It is called the roof of Africa because of its mountainous topography. The highest mountain in Lesotho and in southern Africa is Mount Thabana-Ntlenyana with 3482 meters. The lowest point is 1400 meter high. The Kingdom of Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy and the head is King Letsie the third since…

Swaziland

Swaziland is encased mainly by South Africa and also Mozambique. The country and its people are named after their King, King Mswati the second. His grandson is the head of state. He has to today 11 wives and more than 30 kids. Swaziland is small and only measures 200 km from the north to the south and 130 km from…

South Africa

The structure of Africa and also of southern Africa developed when Gondwanaland broke in several continents about 300 to 100 million years ago. South Africa is encased form a mountain wall which is called the Great escarpment. The highest points of the escarpment are nearly 4000 meters high especially in the Drakensberg in Zululand and in Lesotho, the Mountain Kingdom….