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Lesotho is 30350 square km encased by South Africa. It is called the roof of Africa because of its mountainous topography. The highest mountain in Lesotho and in southern Africa is Mount Thabana-Ntlenyana with 3482 meters. The lowest point is 1400 meter high. The Kingdom of Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy and the head is King Letsie the third since 1993.

Lesotho achieved its independence in 1966. The Sotho people speak mainly Sesotho and English. The people are warm and helpful and it is fun to discover the dirt roads along the urban villages by car, on foot or on a Basotho pony. Lesotho’s capital is Maseru in the west, which is the easiest way to enter the country. If you have a 4×4 vehicle you can take the more adventurous road over the Sani Pass in the east.

The climate is outstanding with 300 sunny days in the year. In spring (August) the peach blossom decorates the scenery. In summer (November – January) it is very hot with summer thunder storms and lightning. In winter (June – August) it can be freezing and even snowing. The drastic alternate weather between drought and strong rainfalls causes one of the biggest problems – erosion of Lesotho’s fertile soil. The other big national concern as in many other African countries is HIV.

The currency is the Maloti and is 1:1 with the South African Rand.

The view from Sani Pass leading to Lesotho

Lesotho highlights

  • Sehlabathebe National Park
  • Mount Thabana-Ntlenyana
  • Spectacular mountains
  • Travelling on a Basotho pony
  • Malealea

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